If you are looking for installing Windows 10 in VirtualBox, you are probably looking for running windows specific software in Linux or Mac.
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In this post, you will learn how to install windows 10 in Virtual Box on a Linux system, and also how to make this windows guest system completely functional, with Full-screen mode, share clipboard, shared folder, and finally integrate the virtual environment into the main system.
If you want to install Windows 10 in a Virtual Box, you need to install Virtual Box in your system. In Linux, Virtual Box is available in most software distribution systems.
Windows 10 Virtual Box:
To install Windows 10, you need to create a new virtual environment.
- Click on new and give it the name “Windows 10”.
- You can manually select the type of system as shown in the image.
- then you click on next.
- Now you specify how much ram you allocate. Windows is recommended with a minimum of 3GB
- Now click on next.
- Here you can choose how much hard disk space you want to allocate. Here we will proceed with 50 GB.
- Choose Virtual Box Disk Image.
- Next, you need to choose the file location size.
- Choose dynamically allocated.
- Here you need to provide the path to the disk image file.
- Now click on create.
- The windows 10 environment has been created.
There are a few settings that we need to adjust before we get started:
- Go to settings and set the following settings.
- Under system, disable floppy and move it lower in the boot order.
- We need to enable EFI because Windows 10 uses EFI boot system.
- Finally, we can set the hardware clock to UTC Time.
- In the processor tab, we can allocate the number of CPU cores for the system.
- On the left pane, click on the Display tab.
- Enable the 3d and 2d acceleration. but if you have a dedicated video card, you can also allocate more video memory.
- On the left pane, come to storage and select an empty disk.
- Click on the disk icon shown in the image and select the ISO image for Windows 10.
- Once you have attached the ISO to the virtual environment, click on OK.
- Launch the system.
- You will be taken to the standard Windows 10 installation setup.
- Here select the settings per your preferences.
- Install Windows after that.
- Once the installation is complete, the system will automatically boot.
- The first boot takes a long time. Once the first boot is complete, the subsequent boots are faster.
- Once the bootup is over, we can notice one problem. The screen size is wrong. Also, some additional features are disabled.
- For this, we need to go to the Virtual Machine options “Devices” and select install guest addition CD image.
- After selecting that option, open the file explorer in the Windows system. Go to this PC, and select the Virtual Guest addition CD drive.
- Open it and install the Virtual Box Windows additions.
- If you are running a 64-bit system, choose the amd64 version or if you are running a 32-bit system, choose the x86 version.
- keep all the options in default and proceed with installation.
- There might be some screen blinking during the installation.
- This is normal but when the installation is complete, reboot the system.
- Now we can see that the windows has gone completely full screen.
- We can go completely full screen if we press ctrl+f
We might want to have shared folder between the Windows and the Linux system.
- Click on the devices option on the top bar.
- Select the Shared folder option provided here. This folder will be shared between the windows and the Linux system.
- Here the users can select the machine folder and add a folder in the new pop up box.
- If you want more security, we can make it read-only.
- Select on automount and also select on permanent.
- Restart the computer.
- Once the restart is complete, go to the file manager and you will see the shared folder in the network locations.
- And if we go to the Linux file manager, we can see that the windows folder has appeared here.
- We can go the Devices options on the top bar and enable the shared clipboard feature.
- This implies that, when we copy something inside the virtual machine, we can paste it to the Linux system.
- This is very useful if the user is switching between the two systems often.
Drag and Drop across Virtal Box:
- We can enable Drag and drop in Virtual box using the same devices option.
- Once it is enabled, we can select a file in the main system and easily drag and drop to the windows system.
In this post, we learned about Virtual Box. We installed Virtual Box and installed Windows 10 in it. There are several things to keep in mind while doing this and everything is given clearly in the above post. We recommend you to go through the post carefully if something goes wrong. If you have any queries, please ask us in the comments below.
For more such posts, stay tuned to TecKangaroo.